Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma
 Discussion of Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma
- Biliary cystadenomas are uncommon unilocular or multilocular cystic neoplasms that may occur within the liver (infrequently found in the extrahepatic biliary tree and gallbladder).
- Although biliary cystadenomas are benign tumors, they may recur after excision and have potential to develop into biliary cystadenocarcinom.
- Cystadenomas occur predominantly in middle-aged women.
- The clinical presentation is variable, depending on the size and location of the cyst. Abdominal pain, obstructive jaundice, palpable mass, increasing abdominal girth, nausea, and vomiting are common signs and symptoms.
- At histologic analysis, cystadenomas have multiple loculations lined by cuboidal or columnar epithelium that resembles biliary epithelium.
- Biliary cystadenomas range in size from 3 to 40 cm.
- Large cystadenomas may demonstrate mass effect on adjacent organs or may be associated with hepatomegaly.
- There are no specific imaging features that permit reliable differentiation of biliary cystadenoma from cystadenocarcinoma.
- The differential diagnosis principally includes
 Imaging Findings for Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma
- At US, a biliary cystadenoma appears as a unilocular or multilocular cyst with enhanced through transmission.
- Acoustic shadowing may be present from septal or wall calcification.
- The cyst fluid may contain low-level echoes from blood products, mucin, or proteinaceous fluid. Serous and bilious cyst fluid is generally anechoic.
- Echogenic mural nodules and papillary projections may be present.
- The CT attenuation of the fluid component in a biliary cystadenoma varies depending on the fluid content.
- Higher attenuation may indicate recent hemorrhage.
- Calcifications that may be present in the septa or cyst wall are typically more apparent with CT than other imaging modalities.
- Septa may enhance with contrast material.
- The MR signal intensity of biliary cystadenoma is variable on both T1- and T2-weighted images, depending on the content of the cyst fluid.
Patient #1: CT images demonstate a biliary cystadenoma
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 References for Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma
- Angela D. Levy, Linda A. Murakata, Robert M. Abbott, and Charles A. Rohrmann, Jr. From the Archives of the AFIP: Benign Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions of the Gallbladder and Extrahepatic Bile Ducts: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation. RadioGraphics 2002 22: 387-413.