- Aortic arch usually gives rise to three major branches
- Brachiocephalic trunk (also known as the innominate artery)
- Left common carotid artery
- Left subclavian artery.
- A bovine arch has a common origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery.
- Bovine arch is the most frequently seen normal variation of aortic branching patterns.
 Imaging Findings
- Evaluation of the aortic arch reveals a common origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery.
 See Also
 External Links
- Akgul E, Binokay F. Eurorad.org teaching file
- Layton, K.F., Kallmes, D.F., Cloft, H.J., Lindell, E.P., Cox, V.S. Bovine Aortic Arch Variant in Humans: Clarification of a Common Misnomer. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2006 27: 1541-1542.