Left ventricular aneurysm
 Discussion of Left ventricular aneurysm
- Both true aneurysms and false ventricular aneurysms are the sequelae of myocardial infarction. However, their etiology, pathologic findings, diagnostic findings, and treatment are different.
- True ventricular aneurysm is a chronic complication of myocardial infarction.
- A true aneurysmal sac contains the endocardium, epicardium, and thinned fibrous tissue (scar) that is a remnant of the left ventricular muscle, whereas a false aneurysmal sac represents a pericardium that contains a ruptured left ventricle.
- A true aneurysm, particularly if small, may cause no symptoms and is compatible with prolonged survival.
- Unlike a true aneurysm, which contains some myocardial elements in its wall, the walls of a false aneurysm are composed of organized hematoma and pericardium and lack any element of the original myocardial wall.
- An important difference is the lower potential for rupture of a true aneurysm compared with a false aneurysm.
- Rupture of a true aneurysm is an uncommon phenomenon; therefore, surgical resection is necessary only when refractory angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, systemic embolization, or refractory arrhythmias are present.
- In contrast, false aneurysms may rupture and require surgical repair.
 Imaging Findings for Left ventricular aneurysm
- True aneurysms distort the shape of the left ventricle during both diastole and systole, and the motion of the aneurysmal segment is paradoxical.
- A true aneurysm has a wide neck, and the diameter of the neck is comparable with the maximal diameter of the aneurysm.
 Plain film
- One of the common imaging findings for differentiating true aneurysms from false aneurysms is location, which may be identified on a conventional chest radiograph.
- The presence of a discrete bulge in the heart anteriorly is suggestive of a true aneurysm.
- True aneurysms will have a wide neck and are often apical in location.
- False aneurysms will have a narrow neck and are often posterior diaphragmatic in loccation.
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 References for Left ventricular aneurysm
- Kumbasar, Basak, Wu, Katherine C., Kamel, Ihab R., Lima, Joao A. C., Bluemke, David A. Left Ventricular True Aneurysm: Diagnosis of Myocardial Viability Shown on MR Imaging. Am. J. Roentgenol. 2002 179: 472-474.
- Eli Konen, Naeem Merchant, Carlos Gutierrez, Yves Provost, Linda Mickleborough, Narinder S. Paul, and Jagdish Butany. True versus False Left Ventricular Aneurysm: Differentiation with MR Imaging—Initial Experience. Radiology 2005 236: 65-75.